People in historic times did not live in the same universe we do. In fact, most of them did not live in the UNIVERSE.
This is a concept Lawrence Brown developed in his 1963 book “The Might of the West.” I read it at least once a year and each time I feel a hunger for more. This is REAL history, this is trying to look at the world from the point of the people who lived it, rather than our present “It all leads to Marx and social progress” theme of Political Correctness.
Today historians all write as if everybody in history was just trying to reach our present state of Enlightenment. Every established religion looks at the world this way. The old shaman and the old priest and the “new” Politically Correct professor have the same attitude, “All history has been a search for the Truth, it was searching for the Truth I, at long last, preach.”
It is as old as the hills and the same thing will be fashionable, in another form, when the hills wear down to flatlands.